All electric vehicles have batteries and need to be plugged in to recharge. Today's vehicles are powered by lithium ion batteries. These batteries hold their charge efficiently and have no memory effect, which means you don't have to run down the battery completely before recharging. There are three types of Plug-in electric vehicles to consider. Choices include:
BEVs include the Nissan Leaf, Wheego LiFe, Ford Focus Electric and Tesla Roadster. BEVs have no gasoline engine and run exclusively on the energy stored in on-board batteries. These vehicles can run for about 100 miles before recharging.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are similar to hybrid vehicles with the addition of larger batteries that plug into the grid. This enables you to drive further on electricity while adding the convenience of continued driving on gasoline. Examples include the Toyota Prius and Ford c-MAX.
EREVs have larger battery packs that allow for all electric driving up to 40 miles. After battery depletion, the car uses a gasoline powered generator that allows extended range driving, up to 300-plus miles.
Plug-in cars meet the same safety standards as gasoline-fueled cars. But some things are different. Electric drive engines accelerate quickly but very quietly. With fewer moving parts, plug-in cars require less maintenance.
For more information on the different types of Plug-In Vehicles visit GoElectricDrive.
Tax Credit for Electric Vehicles - Up to $7,500 - includes Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles as well as Battery Electric Vehicles. For more information please go to www.fueleconomy.gov
Up to $1,000. For more information please go to www.afdc.energy.gov